Showing posts with label Patching. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Patching. Show all posts

Saturday, 7 April 2018

Oracle Applications Patching : ADOP Prepare phase failed due to missing information in FND_NODES.

Applying Patches to Oracle EBS and Oracle Database is one of the main activities for an Oracle database administration.We Often get errors during Oracle patching, which could be due to environment issue or a configuration issue or an Oracle Bug.

Checking Patch logfiles and Oracle Patching worker logfiles is very important to identify and troubleshoot the patching error.

Recently, while i am applying patch on a Production environment, Prepare phase in Oracle EBS online patching failed due to below  error

Error Details:Information missing in FND_NODES table for one or more application tier nodes.


=================================================
ADOP (C.Delta.9)
Session ID: 19
Node: prodapp01
Phase: prepare
Log: /applmgr/Oracle/PRODAPP/fs_ne/EBSapps/log/adop/19/20171230_095636/adop.log
===========================================================================

Validating configuration on node: [prodapp01].
    Log: /applmgr/Oracle/PRODAPP/fs_ne/EBSapps/log/adop/19/20171230_095636/prepare/validate/rwerpprodapp01
[ERROR]: Information missing in FND_NODES table for one or more application tier nodes. For details, refer to log file on the relevant node.
[WARNING]: There could be issues while validating the ports used for E-Business Suite instance against ports used in /etc/services. Refer the log file for more details.
[WARNING]: Either some of the required entries in /etc/hosts file might be missing (e.g. localhost or hostname) OR the file /etc/hosts could not be read.
[WARNING]: Found invalid cross references in FS config files.
    [UNEXPECTED]Error occurred running "perl /applmgr/Oracle/PRODAPP/fs2/EBSapps/appl/ad/12.0.0/patch/115/bin/txkADOPValidations.pl  -contextfile=/applmgr/Oracle/PRODAPP/fs2/inst/apps/PRODAPP_prodapp01/appl/admin/PRODAPP_prodapp01.xml -patchctxfile=/applmgr/Oracle/PRODAPP/fs1/inst/apps/PRODAPP_prodapp01/appl/admin/PRODAPP_prodapp01.xml -phase=prepare -logloc=/applmgr/Oracle/PRODAPP/fs_ne/EBSapps/log/adop/19/20171230_095636/prepare/validate/prodapp01 -promptmsg=hide"
    [UNEXPECTED]Error 1 occurred while Executing txkADOPValidation script on prodapp01


[STATEMENT] Please run adopscanlog utility, using the command

"adopscanlog -latest=yes"

to get the list of the log files along with snippet of the error message corresponding to each log file.


adop exiting with status = 1 (Fail)
=================================================


Analysis
The environment on which issue is reported has two middle Tier nodes. Primary node is the Master node and DMZ tier is the slave node.
Due to autoconfig failure on Oracle EBS Slave node, Support_Web  column is not updated in FND_NODES after autoconfig execution.
SUPPORT_WEB column for DMZ node is null in FND_NODES


Solution

1. Bring down Middle Tier Services
2. Run autoconfig on all the Middle Tier nodes
3. Startup the Middle Tier Services
4. Verify that FND_NODES table has correct information
5. Restart adop Prepare Phase

Sunday, 25 June 2017

ADOP Useful Options :skipsyncerror

There are Various options available with Oracle Applications Online Patching Utility (ADOP). Here , we will see the benefits of skipsyncerror option.

Scenario: 

Your Previous  adop session failed while applying patches and you did not find any solution to fix the errors, Oracle Support Provided a new patch to fix the issue. You will get errors while synchronization and need to ignore those errors.

Usage: adop phase=prepare skipsyncerror=yes


skipsyncerror Details

This option is used along with prepare phase.

Purpose:


This feature enables the user to specify that any synchronization errors in the prepare phase are expected to be fixed automatically in the synchronization that takes place with subsequent patches.


Values: yes/no


Default value is 'no'. Set the value to 'yes' in order to work around synchronization failures that may occur when patches that failed to apply correctly in a previous patching cycle are synchronized during the prepare phase.


Tuesday, 5 July 2016

ADOP Prepare Phase Fails with ORA-31011: XML parsing failed

While applying Patch on a test instance (R12.2.5), Prepare phase failed with error ORA-31011: XML parsing failed

Complete error message from adop logfile
==================================

[aptest12@localhost <RUN> ]$ adop phase=prepare

Enter the APPS password:
Enter the SYSTEM password:
Enter the WLSADMIN password:

Validating credentials.

Initializing.
    Run Edition context  : /test12/applmgr/fs2/inst/apps/test12_localhost/appl/admin/TEST12_localhost.xml
    Patch edition context: /test12/applmgr/fs1/inst/apps/test12_localhost/appl/admin/TEST12_localhost.xml
    Patch file system free space: 1130.34 GB

Validating system setup.
    [ERROR]     Failed to execute SQL statement:
select node_name from FND_OAM_CONTEXT_FILES
where NAME not in ('TEMPLATE','METADATA','config.txt') and
CTX_TYPE='A' and (status is null or upper(status) in ('S','F'))
and EXTRACTVALUE(XMLType(TEXT),'//file_edition_type') = 'run'
and EXTRACTVALUE(XMLType(TEXT),'//oa_service_group_status[@oa_var=''s_web_admin_status'']')='enabled'
and EXTRACTVALUE(XMLType(TEXT),'//oa_service_list/oa_service[@type=''admin_server'']/oa_service_status')='enabled'

    [ERROR]     Error Message:
    [ERROR]     ORA-31011: XML parsing failed
    [ERROR]     ORA-19202: Error occurred in XML processing
    [ERROR]     LPX-00229: input source is empty
    [ERROR]     ORA-06512: at "SYS.XMLTYPE", line 272
    [ERROR]     ORA-06512: at line 1 (DBD ERROR: error possibly near <*> indicator at char 208 in '    select node_name from FND_OAM_CONTEXT_FILES
    [ERROR]         where NAME not in ('TEMPLATE','METADATA','config.txt') and
    [ERROR]             CTX_TYPE='A' and (status is null or upper(status) in ('S','F'))
    [ERROR]             and EXTRACTVALUE(<*>XMLType(TEXT),'//file_edition_type') = 'run'
    [ERROR]             and EXTRACTVALUE(XMLType(TEXT),'//oa_service_group_status[@oa_var=''s_web_admin_status'']')='enabled'
    [ERROR]             and EXTRACTVALUE(XMLType(TEXT),'//oa_service_list/oa_service[@type=''admin_server'']/oa_service_status')='enabled'
    [ERROR]     ')
    [UNEXPECTED]Error occurred identifying Admin server node


[STATEMENT] Please run adopscanlog utility, using the command

"adopscanlog -latest=yes"

to get the list of the log files along with snippet of the error message corresponding to each log file.


Cause:

fnd_oam_context_files table has incorrect information  or the table is corrupted


Solution:


1. Login to sqlplus as applsys and take backup of fnd_oam_context_files table.


SQL> conn applsys
Enter password:
Connected.
SQL> create table fnd_oam_context_files_bkp as select * from fnd_oam_context_files;

Table created.

2. Truncate Table fnd_oam_context_files

SQL>  truncate table fnd_oam_context_files;

Table truncated.


3. Bring down MT Services

4. Run Autoconfig to populate fnd_oam_context_files  with right information.


Sunday, 12 June 2016

Adpatch Worker Fails with "ORA-01031: insufficient privileges"

While Applying Patch on Customer environment, adpatch failed with error

Worker log has the below error.
=====================
GRANT select on DBA_USERS_WITH_DEFPWD to em_oam_monitor_role

AD Worker error:
The following ORACLE error:

ORA-01031: insufficient privileges


occurred while executing the SQL statement:

GRANT select on DBA_USERS_WITH_DEFPWD to em_oam_monitor_role

Error occurred in file

/test12/applmgr/1200/ad/12.0.0/patch/115/sql/ademusr.sql

with arguments '&systempwd &un_fnd &pw_fnd &un_apps &pw_apps'.

==============


Solution
=========

1.Login to oracle database server as oracle user

2. Connect to sqlplus as sysdba and run the failed sql statement
sqlplus / as sysdba

Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> GRANT select on DBA_USERS_WITH_DEFPWD to em_oam_monitor_role
  2  ;

Grant succeeded.

SQL>


3. Use adctrl to skip the failed worker (Option 8) and continue with Patching

Monday, 23 May 2016

What Happens during adop cutover Phase?

Cutover Phase Requires a brief downtime.

Following activities occur during Cutover:

+Users are logged off the system
+Finalize is run as part of cutover -if not run earlier in adop cycle
+Cutover phase cancels ADZPPATCH Concurrent Program
+Stops all Services on RUN and PATCH editions , switches filesystem and starts services on new RUN FS
+Flipping snapshots in run and patch editions.
+Users are brought back online on the patched system 

Environment is changed after cutover. Need to Re-source the env, for performing any actions after cutover.

Syntax:

$ adop phase=cutover

Multi-node Considerations
========================
By default cutover is invoked automatically on remote nodes.
If you want cutover individually:      
1. First node the cutover should be:           
$ adop phase=cutover allnodes=no       
2. For all other nodes you should do:        
$ adop phase=cutover allnodes=no action=nodb           
 * nodb because db work is already done


Cutover Parameters:
===================

mtrestart :Specifies whether or not to start Mid-Tier services at end of cutover, it allows you to perform some additional maintenance operations in the system before bringing it up.        - Takes values "yes" or "no".        - Default: yes
allnodes : Specifies whether or not to run on all the nodes.        - Takes values "yes" or "no".        - Default: yes
action: Specifies whether or not to take database action        - Takes values "db" or "nodb"        - Default: db

Sunday, 13 March 2016

Useful adop options and syntax

1.Using analytics parameter in adop apply phase


$ adop phase=apply analytics=yes

Specifying this option will cause adop to run the following scripts and generate the associated output files (reports):

ADZDCMPED.sql - This script is used to display the differences between the run and patch editions, including new and changed objects. The output file location is: /u01/R122_EBS/fs_ne/EBSapps/log/adop/<adop_sessionID>/<apply_directory>/<context_name>/adzdcmped.out.

ADZDSHOWED.sql - This script is used to display the editions in the system. The output file location is: /u01/R122_EBS/fs_ne/EBSapps/log/adop/<adop_sessionID>/<apply_directory>/<context_name>adzdshowed.out.

ADZDSHOWOBJS.sql - This script is used to display the summary of editioned objects per edition. The output file location is: /u01/R122_EBS/fs_ne/EBSapps/log/adop/<adop_sessionID>/<apply_directory>/<context_name>adzdshowobjs.out

ADZDSHOWSM.sql - This script is used to display the status report for the seed data manager. The output file location is: /u01/R122_EBS/fs_ne/EBSapps/log/adop/<adop_sessionID>/<apply_directory>/<context_name>adzdshowsm.out

Note: The analytics parameter should only be used when required, because of the extra processing needed.



2. flags=autoskip 

 e.g adop phase=apply patches=12345678  flags=autoskip 

 This option is an alternative for  "Continue as if it were successful"?  in adpatch, very useful in cases where patch failed to compile forms/reports and exiting.
 We need not restart the adop session just to compile a single forms (.fmb,.fmx) file.
 Make sure to review the autoskip.log logfile and fix the issues in autoskip log whenever you use autoskip flag in adop cycle.

3.  skipsyncerror=(yes|no)  [default: no]

 Specifies whether to ignore errors that may occur during incremental file system synchronization.  This might happen if you applied
 a patch in the previous patching cycle that had errors but decided to continue with the cutover.  When the patch is synchronized on
 the next patching cycle, the apply errors may occur again, but can be ignored.

4. wait_on_failed_job=(yes|no)  [default: no]

 Controls whether adop apply command exits when all workers have failed.  Instead of exiting, you can force adop to wait, and use the "adctrl" to retry failed jobs.

e.g adop phase=apply patches=7777 wait_on_failed_job=yes


5. Abort

The Online Patching Cycle can be aborted at any time prior to Cutover

e.g adop phase=abort

This is needed  if unrecoverable error happened or the user decides that patch is not needed.
If adop phase=apply failed, user should try abandon=yes first.
The abort command drops the database patch edition and  returns the system to normal runtime state.  Immediately following abort, you must also run a full cleanup and
fs_clone operation to fully remove effects of the failed online patching cycle.


            

What Happens in ADOP apply Phase

Apply Phase is executed in PATCH Filesystem
During Apply phase of an ADOP cycle, adop execute patch drivers to update Patch Edition
We can have multiple apply phases in an adop cycle, Multiple patches including customizations can be installed in this phase.

The production application is online and accessible to users. RUN filesystem is not affected by the changes.
Patches are applied to the copy (Patch Edition)
 Changes are made in the isolation of an Edition 
The running application is unaffected by these changes


workers 
specifies number of parallel workers, automatically calculated if not specified  
abandon 
abandons a patching session (if set to "yes") and must have an opposite specification to that of parameter "restart".
restart
 restarts a patching session (if set to "yes") and must have an opposite specification to that of parameter "abandon".

Example: $ adop phase=apply workers=4 abandon=yes restart=no patches=1234567,8909228



For more adop options and their usage Click here

Autopatch error: The worker should not have status 'Running' or 'Restarted' at this point

If you are restarting a failed patch session in oracle applications, sometimes you may encounter the error

AutoPatch error:
The worker should not have status 'Running' or 'Restarted' at this point.

Telling workers to quit...

All workers have quit.

Connecting to APPS......Connected successfully.

AutoPatch error:

Error running SQL and EXEC commands in parallel

Cause:

1. adpatch or adop process was killed from OS level while patch is being applied

2. Database shutdown or terminated



Solution:

Using adctrl utility, use option 4 to change the worker status to Failed


Review the messages above, then press [Return] to continue.

                    AD Controller Menu
     ---------------------------------------------------

     1.    Show worker status

     2.    Tell worker to restart a failed job

     3.    Tell worker to quit

     4.    Tell manager that a worker failed its job

     5.    Tell manager that a worker acknowledges quit

     6.    Restart a worker on the current machine

     7.    Exit


Enter your choice [1] : 4

Enter the worker number(s)/range(s) or 'all' for all workers,
or press [Return] to go back to the menu : all

Status changed to 'Failed' for worker 1.
Status changed to 'Failed' for worker 2.
Status changed to 'Failed' for worker 3.
Status changed to 'Failed' for worker 4.
Review the messages above, then press [Return] to continue.



select option "1. Show Worker Status" , The worker status will be "Failed" 

Now select option 2. "2. Tell worker to restart a failed job" 


Enter the worker number(s)/range(s) or 'all' for all workers,
or press [Return] to go back to the menu : all

Status changed to 'Fixed, restart' for worker 1.
Status changed to 'Fixed, restart' for worker 2.
Status changed to 'Fixed, restart' for worker 3.
Status changed to 'Fixed, restart' for worker 4.


Restart adpatch 

In 11i, R12.1.X version of oracle applications

when applying patch using adpatch , Select option Yes When it prompts for

'Do you wish to Continue with Previous adpatch Session'

In R12.2.x, Use restart and abandon parameters


adop phase=apply patches=123456 restart=yes abandon=no 

To restart the patch session from where it failed.

ADOP Patching Fails with aipspv(): Error setting up PDI list for upgrade

While Applying patch on a 12.2.5 environment using online patch cycle in adop, Autopatch Failed with error

AutoPatch error:
Invalid password for schema "CUST1" (oracle_id = 20087)

AutoPatch error:
Failed getting PDI list for product 'xx1'

AutoPatch error:
aipspv(): Error setting up PDI list for upgrade

Root Cause
=========

Password for Application schema is not changed using FNDCPASS

Solution
========

1.Change the password of custom application with FNDCPASS 

Syntax for FNDCPASS

$ FNDCPASS apps/<PASSWORD> 0 Y system/<PASSWORD> ORACLE CUST1 <NEWPASSWORD>
Log filename : L********.log


Report filename : O*****.out

2. Verify the password change is successful

$ cat L*******.log
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+
Application Object Library: Version : 12.2

Copyright (c) 1998, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

FNDCPASS:
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Current system time is 10-MAR-2016 23:21:30

+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Working...
Password is changed successfully for user BOLINF.
FNDCPASS completed successfully.

+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+
Concurrent request completed successfully
Current system time is 10-MAR-2016 23:21:30

+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+



Please Note, In 12.2.x Environments FNDCPASS must be executed on RUN Filesystem.

3. Restart the online patching cycle 

While restarting adop apply phase after a previously failed session, use options abandon and restart


adop phase=apply patches=123456 restart=yes abandon=no 

[Use this command if you wish to continue the previous patch session from the step where it failed]

adop phase=apply patches=123456 restart=no abandon=yes


[Use this command if you wish to start a fresh patch session]




If changing password using FNDCPASS does not work, analyse further details about database user and application user.

Check if the database user and application user are defined correctly using the sql queries below

SQL> select ORACLE_ID from FND_ORACLE_USERID where oracle_username like '%CUST1%';

 ORACLE_ID
----------
     2008

SQL> select application_id from fnd_application where application_short_name = 'XX1';

APPLICATION_ID
--------------
         2003

SQL> select * from fnd_product_installations where oracle_id=2008;


If the user details are not correct from the output of above sql, Please correct them.

Sunday, 6 March 2016

What Happens During ADOP Finalize Phase

The Finalize phase of adop cycle,takes care of below online activities

1.Perform the final operations that can be executed while the Application is online
2.Compile invalid objects
3.Generate derived objects
4.Pre-compute DDL to be run at Cutover

After Finalize phase, we can pause the adop online patching cycle until the appropriate downtime window is available.

Syntax for running finalize phase 

$ adop phase=finalize
$ adop phase=finalize finalize_mode=quick == This is Default Mode
$ adop phase=finalize finalize_mode=full    

Finalize can be run in 2 modes: “QUICK” or “FULL”
FULL gathers database dictionary statistics (not transaction tables statistics)
QUICK skips gathering database dictionary statistics.

Applying Patch R12.AD.B.7 fails with ORA-1031 while running ademusr.sql

While Applying Patch 21314548:R12.AD.B.DELTA.7 using adpatch, Patch worker failed at running the script ademusr.sql.
To begin troubleshooting the issue,First check the worker id which was running the failed script.
We can get this information from Patch logfile[adpatch.log or u21314548.log] or console output while applying the patch.

Check the worker logfile[adworkxxx.log] for the failed worker

Errors in workerlog
===================
ORA-01031 occurs while Granting SELECT on DBA_USERS_WITH_DEFPWD to em_oam_monitor_role For Patch 20395533 (Doc ID 2093641.1)


GRANT select on DBA_USERS_WITH_DEFPWD to em_oam_monitor_role

AD Worker error:
The following ORACLE error:
ORA-01031: insufficient privileges
occurred while executing the SQL statement:

GRANT select on DBA_USERS_WITH_DEFPWD to em_oam_monitor_role

Error occurred in file
/test1/applmgr/1213/ad/12.0.0/patch/115/sql/ademusr.sql
with arguments '&systempwd &un_fnd &pw_fnd &un_apps &pw_apps'.

Time when worker failed: Fri Mar 04 2016 09:48:00


The error occurred because worker is running the scripts as apps user, and APPS user does not have enough privileges to grant DBA_USERS_WITH_DEFPWD

Solution
========

1.Run the below sql statements to grant the role as system user.

SQL> show user
USER is "SYS"
SQL> GRANT select on DBA_USERS_WITH_DEFPWD to SYSTEM with grant option;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> show user
USER is "SYSTEM"
SQL> GRANT select on DBA_USERS_WITH_DEFPWD to em_oam_monitor_role;

Grant succeeded.

2. Restart the failed worker using adctrl.

3. Monitor Patching until completion.

Thursday, 25 February 2016

Downtime Mode feature in ADOP Patching


Downtime mode is introduced in E-Business Suite Release 12.2, to minimize the duration of 12.2 upgrade process.This feature is available from AD.Delta.5 Release Update Pack.

Before applying patch in downtime mode, all Application services must be shutdown.Downtime mode does not use online patching cycle phases,hence it applied patches quickly compared to online patching. However, EBS application will be down for longer time in downtime mode.Make sure that no adop cycle is in progress while applying patch in downtime mode, Otherwise it will give error.

To apply patch in downtime mode. Follow the below steps

1. Shut down Application Services

2. Apply patch using the below command

 $ adop phase=apply patches=<patch_number> apply_mode=downtime

3. Startup Application Services


Following Scenarios require to apply patch in downtime mode in R12.2

1. All Patching that is part of 12.2 upgrade process. Once the upgrade is complete and users are online, all subsequent patching on a production system should use online mode, unless stated in patch ReadMe.

2. Single-node development or test environments, where production support and high availability are not required.

Limitations of downtime mode

1. We cannot test the patch application prior to cutover as in online patching cycle.
2. We cannot rollback patch applied using downtime mode.
3. Downtime mode is not applicable for Multi-node environments


Sunday, 21 February 2016

What Happens during adop prepare Phase?


The online patching cycle in R12.2  which uses ADOP  utility applies patch in 5 Phases
The phases are

PREPARE
APPLY
FINALIZE
CUTOVER
CLEANUP

PREPARE PHASE:

1)Prepares the Filesystem

During Prepare phase,RUN and PATCH filesystems are synchronized.By Default, Synchronization is done in incremental mode.
Full Synchronization is also available, if needed.

Wednesday, 17 February 2016

Online Patching Steps in R12.2 (ADOP)

Basics of online Patching in R12.2


Online patching uses the latest feature of the Oracle database 11gR2 which is called “Edition Based
Redefinition” and also uses multiple file systems on the application side.
While online Patching with adop is in progress, users can use the application and database on RUN Filesystem.
Patch is applied on the alternate filesystem, which is an exact copy of RUN filesystem,called PATCH filesystem.
Users are switched to PATCH filesystem after the patching is complete.
Application is only offline during the Cutover phase.Downtime is now redefined as Cutover.


ADOP Patching Steps
1. Download the patch and unzip in PATCH_TOP directory.

2. Prepare the system for Patching

Source the RUN environment file
cd /test12/applmgr
. ./EBSapps.env RUN

adop phase=prepare

3. Source the PATCH Environment & apply patches:
cd /test12/applmgr
. ./EBSapps.env PATCH
==> Apply patch 19697098

Patch Location: /test12/applmgr/patches
adop phase=apply patchtop=/test12/applmgr/patches  patches=19697098

4..Run finalize.
adop phase=finalize

5. Cutover Phase

    $ adop phase=cutover
   
6. Cleanup old editions

    $ adop phase=cleanup
   
7. Synchronize RUN and PATCH filesystems.Start Fs_clone

adop phase=fs_clone


Sunday, 31 January 2016

How to Check Patch Applied Status in Oracle Applications?

R11i,12.0.x,12.1.x
=============

From Oracle Applications Release 11i to 12.1.x, Patch application Status can be queried from ad_bugs or ad_applied_patches tables

Query to check whether patch is applied on a instance.

SQL>select bug_number,creation_date,last_update_date from apps.ad_bugs where bug_number='&patchnum';

SQL> select PATCH_NAME,CREATION_DATE from apps.ad_applied_patches where PATCH_NAME='&patchnum';

What is difference between above two Queries?


Suppose, we applied a patch which has multiple bugfixes.The details of all bugs fixed by the patch are listed in ad_bugs table.
In Contrast,ad_applied_patches table give info only about the patches which are applied through adpatch utility.


R12.2
=====

From Release 12.2, Online Patching utility(adop) is used for Patching application Filesystem.

Querying the data from ad_bugs or ad_applied_patches tables may not give correct information.Because, online patching can be aborted anytime prior to Cutover Phase.
ad_bugs or ad_applied_patches tables may contain entries for patches which are started through adop and later aborted.

The below query gives accurate Information about Patch Applied Status in R12.2

select AD_PATCH.IS_PATCH_APPLIED(\'$release\',\'$appltop_id\',\'$patch_no\',\'$language\') from dual;

example sql:
SELECT adb.bug_number,ad_patch.is_patch_applied('11i', 1045, adb.bug_number)
FROM ad_bugs adb
WHERE adb.bug_number in (22498647);

or for single app tier installations:
select ad_patch.is_patch_applied('R12',-1,22498647) from dual;

Sample Output:

EXPLICIT = applied
NOT APPLIED = not applied / aborted


Database
=========

Login to Database node as the database os user

Set environment using commands below

$export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/112

$export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/Opatch

$which opatch
==>It should give output like /u01/app/oracle/product/112/Opatch

$opatch lsinventory -invPtrLoc $ORACLE_HOME/oraInst.loc

== This gives list of all patches applied to the ORACLE_HOME


$opatch lsinventory -invPtrLoc $ORACLE_HOME/oraInst.loc|grep 988765


==> To check if a particular patch is applied to the ORACLE_HOME